Trojan War
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Trojan War

In Greek mythology, war between Greeks and Trojans. It began when Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus. Under Agamemnon, the Greeks besieged Troy for nine years. They finally won when, pretending to depart, they left a wooden horse, which the Trojans, ignoring the warnings of Cassandra and Laoco÷n, took into the city. Warriors hidden in the horse opened the city gates to the Greek army, which sacked Troy. Among the Greek heroes were Achilles, Patroclus, Odysseus, and Nestor; the Trojan heroes, led by Hector, included Aeneas, Memnon, and Penthesilea. The gods took a great interest in the war. Hera, Poseidon, and Athena aided the Greeks, while Aphrodite and Ares favored the Trojans. The war's final year forms the main part of Homer's Iliad. The Trojan War probably reflected a real war c.1200 B.C. over control of trade in the Dardanelles.