Bloodaxe's Realm     The Medieval World  

 Specific References

      The Babylonians

      1. Thorwald J: Science and Secrets of Early Medicine. Harcourt, Brace and World, New York, 1962.

      2. Avicenna: The Canon of Medicine. lib III, Fen 21, cap 9.: 900.


      The Egyptians

      3. Ghalioungui P: The House of Life, Per Ankh: Magic and Medical Science in Ancient Egypt. B.M. Isreal, Amsterdam, 1973.

      4. Majno G: The Healing Hand. Man and Wounds in the Ancient World. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1982.

      5. Breasted J: The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1930.

      6. Ebbell B: Die altägyptische Chirugie. Die chirurgischen Abschnitte des Paryrus E. Smith und Papyrus Ebers. 1939.

      7. Ebers G: Papyrus Ebers, das hermetische Buch über die Arzeneimittel der alten Ägypter in hieratischer Schrift. Leipzig, 1875.

      8. Duke-Elder S, Abrams D: "The Anatomy of the Visual System. Historical Development." in System of Ophthalmology , SS Duke-Elder ed, C.V. Mosby Co., St. Louis, 1970.

      9. Hirschberg J: Vol.1 Antiquity. The History of Ophthalmology, Wayenborgh Verlag, Bonn, 1982.

      10. Siculi D: in Bibliotheca Historica ex Recordi , J Becker ed, Leipzig, 1853.

      11. Aristotle: Politics. 300 B.C.


      The Grecian Era

      12. Duke-Elder S, Abrams D: "Ophthalmic Optics and Refraction. Anomalies of the Optical System. Types of Ametropia." in System of Ophthalmology , SS Duke-Elder ed, C.V. Mosby Co., St. Louis, 1970.

      13. Hippocrates: Hippocrates, 4 volumes. WHS Jones and ET Withington (trans), Loeb Classic Library, London, 1923.

      14. Budge E: The Life and Exploits of Alexander the Great. Clay and Sons, London, 1896.


      China and India

      15. Renou L, Filliozat J: L'Inde Classique. Impr Nat, Paris, 1953.

      16. Hirschberg J: Vol.2 The Middle Ages. The History of Ophthalmology, F Blodi (ed), Wayenborgh Verlag, Bonn, 1982.

      17. Charaka: Charaka Samhita, 2 volumes. A Kaviratna (trans), AC Kaviratna, Calcutta, 1912.