The Assyrians
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     The Assyrians lived upstream on the Tigris River from the Babylonians. The people of the region did not know how to read, but about 1350BC, they managed to conquer all of Mesopotamia a build an empire that reached as far as Egypt. The Assyrians developed powerful armies with iron weapons. They dammed the rivers leading into Babylon. This deprived the Babylonians of water. The Assyrians also used chariots, which allowed them to move quickly, and battering rams, heavy logs carried by many men to break down city walls. In time, the Assyrians were conquered by the Medes and the Persians, two powerful civilizations east of Mesopotamia in land we now call Iran.