Greece 1200 - 300 B
Home ] Up ] Paleolithic ] Aceramic Neolithic ] Before History ] Prehistoric warfare ] Rise of civilization ] The Indus Valley ] Composite Bows ] 1200 BCE ] Dead Sea Scrolls ] Mesopotamia ] Troy ] Alchemists ] Rome ] Egypt ] India and China Medicine ]

Bloodaxe's Realm     The Medieval World  

Greece 1200 - 300 B.C


Politics and Society Thought and Culture

1400-1150 Mycenëan Age

1185 Traditional date of Trojan War

1200-800 Dark Age

1200 Dorian invasion/Mycenëan destruction 1130 Iron into general use for weapons and tools 1100 Greeks begin colonization on Ionian coast

750-594 Aristocratic Age

776 First Olympic Games 750 Greek colonies in Italy Music developed/Oriental influence on art Stone architecture Hesiod flourishes Human figures - pottery main subject 683 Republican rule by aristocrats in Athens 650 Large free-standing sculpture evolves 600 Use of coined money Black attic style in pottery Lyric poetry - Sappho and Alcëus flourish 580 Philosophy and science begin with Thales and Anaximander

561-507 Age of Athenian Tyrants

561 Tyrant Pelisistratus seizes power,succeeded by his sons 550 Doric architecture standardized; Ionic influences appear 534 Thespis, founder of Greek tragedy, victor at Athenian drama festival 520 Persian domination of Ionia Red-figured style in pottery developed 520 Philosopher Xenophanes at peak 507 Athenian democracy restored and broadened by Cleisthenes 500 Heraclitus teaches Ephesus in Asia Minor

499-479 Conflict with Persia

490 Persian Wars Persians repelled at the Battle of Marathon 484 Aeschylus - drama prize 480 Acropolis destroyed by Persians 479 Persia defeated

478-445 Rise of Athenean Empire

478 Athens leads in forming Delian League of Greek States 472 Aeschylus- The Persians 468 Sophocles introduces more than 2 actors in tragic play/wins contest over íschylus Aeschylus- 7 Against Thebes 462 Pericles brings democratic reforms to Athens 460 Hippocrates born 459 Rivalry between Athens and Sparta increases 456 Temple for Zeus at Olympia completed 455 Euripides' first tragedy 451 Athenean citizenship restricted/pay for jurors 448 Athenean empire firmly established Parthenon begun 446 Pindar's odes 445 30 years peace between Athens and Sparta declared 441 Sophocles' Antigone 437 The Propylëa-Acropolis gateway-begun

431-404 Peloponnesian War

431 Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta breaks out Euripides' Medea 429 Pericles dies 427 Sophocles' Oedipus Rex 424 Thucydides - Greek historian 423 Aristophanes' The Clouds 415 Euripides' Trojan Women 414 Aristophanes comedy - The Birds 413 Euripides' Electra 411 Aristophanes' Lysistrata 405 Aristophanes' The Frogs 404 Athens surrenders to Sparta

404-371 Supremacy of Sparta

401 Sophocles Oedipus at Colonus 399 Socrates, tried and condemned, drinks hemlock 385 Plato begins teaching at Athens 382 Sparta seizes citadel of Thebes 379 Sparta expelled from Thebes 378 Spartan-Thebean alliance 371 Sparta defeated by Thebes

359-323 Rise of Macedonian Empire

359 Philip II - Macedonian throne 343 Aristotle tutor to Alexander 338 Philip defeats Athens - supreme power in Greece 336 Philip assassinated/Alexander succeeds 335 Alexander razes Thebes - extends rule Aristotle founds school in Athens 331 Alexander smashes Persia 330 Alexander moves further into Asia Statues of Æschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles erected in Theatre of Dionysus in Athens 323 Alexander dies in Babylon; successors begin to carve up his empire