Bloodaxe's Realm     The Medieval World  

Egypt 3200 - 30 B.C

B.C. HISTORY CULTURE

EARLY DYNASTIC PERIOD: 3100-2686

3200 Upper and Lower Egypt united by Menes,1st. Pharaoh; Memphsis Development of calendar and hieroglyphic writing
2900 Irrigation and drainage projects Granite and slate statuary
2700 Metal, ivory, wood wor

OLD KINGDOM: 2686-2181

2600 Pyramid building begins.
2500 Great Pyramids/Sphinx built at Gizah
2300 Weakening of pharaoh's absolute power Sculpture for private patrons.

INTERMEDIATE PERIOD: 2181-2040

2100 Many kings, short reigns, social
and political chaos
2133 Egypt united under Theban Pharaoh
Mentuhotep II, establishes Thebes
as capitol
Coffin texts and funerary writings.

MIDDLE KINGDOM: 2133-1786

1900 Powerful pharaohs, large irrigation projects.
Development of portraiture.
Classical period of literature.

INTERMEDIATE PERIOD: 1786-1567

1600 Decay of central authority
Introduction of horse-drawn chariots

NEW KINGDOM: 1567-1085

1400 Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) fails to impose monotheism
1320 Reign of Ramses II maintains power Opulent craftsmanship and building
"Book of the Dead" written on papyrus
1100 Tombs at Thebes looted

LATE DYNASTIC PERIOD: 1085-341

1085 Egypt divided, dependent on Libyan mercenaries
800 Invasion of Palestine; Solomon's Temple plundered
Era of thriving bronz craftsmanship; bronz castings perfected
New realism in sculpture.
656 Thebes sacked during Assyrian invasion.
525 Independence from Assyrians
404 Persians conquer and rule Egypt
Canal from Nile to Red Sea completed.
Darius I of Persia, codification of Egyptian law
398 Persians expelled with Greek aid
341 Last native pharaohs; reconquest by Persia

PTOLEMAIC PERIOD: 332-30

300 Alexander the Great conquers Egypt,
on his death Ptolemaia founds dynasty.
200 Temple of Isis at Philae
Temple of Horus at Edfu
Temple at Kom Ombo
Temple of Hathor at Dendera