With this top-20 one could read 50% of the signs in the Codex Hammurabi (whereas 40 signs would be good for 75% of the text, the remaining 25% is scattered over a large number of less frequently used signs). The total number of cuneiform signs is of order 600. The frequency of the use of the signs depends very much on the epoch and type of the text.

The sign list contains at least three items:
--a number from Borger's book; Babylonisch-assyrische Zeichenliste'
--the cuneiform sign in New Assyrian orthography
--the name of the sign or one of its values.

Top-20 sign list

signs sorted by decreasing frequency of occurence in the Codex Hamurabi

 


70 NA

 


579 A

 


353 shA (Sha)

 

 


354 shU

 


343 GAL

 


461 KI

 


61 mu MU

 

 


342 ma MA

 

 


214 BI

 

 


13 AN, DINGIR

 

 


143 KM

 

 


142 I
Sumerian i means `five', the sign shows 5 strokes.

 


399 IM

 


318

 

 


449 shI

 

 


69 BAD

 

 


86 RI

 

 


232 IR

 


328 RA

 

 


381 UD, U4
logogram: U4 = UD = ummu `day'
logogram: UTU = shamash the sungod, written with the determinative for deities as: logogram: BABBAR = peSu `white' examples in New Assyrian orthography: It developed (before rotation over 90 degrees) from a pictogram and showing sunset, hence the meaning `day', `white', `radiant'.

 


94 DIM

 


231 NI