Bloodaxe's Realm     The Medieval World  

Cuneiform 1

The modern order is based on the sequence (from left to right):

The sign list contains at least three items:
--a number from Borger's book `Assyrische-babylonische Zeichenliste'
--the cuneiform sign in New Assyrian orthography
--the name of the sign or one of its values.

signs with initial up to initial

1 Ash

  • phonetic: a, rum, r
  • new: dil, Til, ina, in6
  • logograms: A, DILI

     
    A shumma `when'
    A ina `into' (preposition)
    A magir `is favourable'
    (construct state of magru)
    A, dili iten the number one , `first'
    a.im5.babbar d Aimbabbar epithet of the moon god Sn
    (a
    `one', `unique'
    babbar 'white', `shining')

 

 


2 HAL
  • phonetic: hal

 

 


3 MUG
  • phonetic, new: mug, muk, muq

 

 


4 ZADIM
  • logogram: ZADIM

 

 


5 BA
  • phonetic: ba, (p)
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: ba

 

 


6 ZU
  • phonetic: zu, (S)
  • phonetic, old: s,S
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: zu
  • logograms: A, DILI

     
    ZU id `to know'
    ZU lamdu `to learn'
    ZU.AB aps `aps', the subterranean water
    (domain of the water god Ea)

 

 


7 SU
  • phonetic: su (mostly new)
  • phonetic, new: kuS, kuz, ku, gu
  • determinative: KU before lether items 
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: su
  • logograms: KU

     
    KU maku `hide'
    SU rbu `to compensate'

 

 


8 shUN
  • phonetic, new: un, in, rug, ruk, ruq

 

 


9 BAL
  • phonetic: bal, pal
  • logogram: BAL, BALA

 

 


10 D
  • phonetic, new: d/t/T; gr

 

 


11 BL
  • phonetic, Ass. new: bl, pl

 

 


12 TAR
  • phonetic: tar, Tar
  • phonetic, new: tara, tr, Tr
    kud/t, qud/t, has/S/z/
    , il, sil
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: tar
    (the diagonal stroke is often rather horizontal)
  • logogram: SILA

     
    SILA squ `street'

 

 


13 AN, DINGIR
  • phonetic: an, (l, in words related to ilum `god')
  • phonetic, old: l
  • determinative: before deities and demons, transcribed as d for dingir (see examples)
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography:
  • DINGIR.ME (ME is plurial sign) il '(the) gods'
  • DINGIR.ME (ME is plurial sign) il '(the) gods'
  • logogram: AN, DINGIR

     
    AN Anu supreme god
    AN am `sky', `heaven'
    DINGIR ilu `god''

 


14 AUR
(ligature of ash a
+ sur ur)

 

 

 signlist, part2.


Signs are loaded as small images, loading may take a while!
The modern order is based (from left to right) on the sequence:

The sign list contains at least three items:
--a number from Borger's book `Assyrische-babylonische Zeichenliste'
--the cuneiform sign in New Assyrian orthography
--the name of the sign or one of its values.

signs with initial up to

 

 


15 KA
  • phonetic ka, pi4
  • phonetic, old q
  • logograms:

    KA p `mouth' DUG4, DU11 qab `to speak' G as `to shout', `to proclaim' INIM awtum
    amtu `word', `message', `order', `decision' Z
    innu `tooth' KA.KEDA kiSru
    kiSaru `knot'; `multitude'

 

 


17 U11 (USh11)
  • composition: U11 = KA x BAD
  • logograms: U11

 

 


18 NUMDUM
  • composition: NUMDUM = KA x NUN
  • logograms: NUMDUM

 

 


35 NAG
  • composition: NAG = KA x A
  • phonetic, new: kag/k/q
  • logograms: NAG, NA8

 

 


36 GU7, K
  • composition: KA x NG = 'mouth' x `bread'
  • phonetic:
  • phonetic, Bab. new::
  • logograms: GU7

    K aklu `to eat'

 


39 URU
  • phonetic: iri, eri, ere
  • phonetic, Bab. new:: r, r, ir4, er4
  • determinative: URU in front of city names (see examples)
  • logograms: URU

    URU lu `city'

 

 


40 UKKIN
  • logograms: UKKIN, UNKIN

    UKKIN puhru `assembly' UKKIN.DINGIR.DINGIR puhur il `assembly of the gods'

 

 


49* GIGAL (GIShGAL)
  • composition: = URU x NG
  • phonetic, new: ql
  • phonetic, Ass. new: : sk
  • logograms: GIGAL

 

 


50 ARAD
  • phonetic: r, r
  • logograms: R, ARAD

    ARAD R wardu `slave'

 

 


52 ITI
  • phonetic: (iti, itu)
  • determinative: in front of names of the month
  • logograms: ITI, UTU

    ITU (w)arhu `month'

 

 


53 UBUR (ShUBUR)
  • phonetic, new: ah, ih, h, sih
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: ah
  • logograms: AH, UBUR

    AH ah `pig'

 

 


54 BURU14
  • logograms: BUR14, BURU14

 

 


55 LA
  • phonetic: la

 

 


56 PIN
  • phonetic, Ass. new: pin

 

 


57 PAH
  • phonetic:
  • logograms:

 

 


58 TU
  • phonetic: tu
  • phonetic, mostly old T
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: tu
  • logograms: KU4

    KU4 erbu `to enter'

 


59 TI
  • phonetic:
  • logograms:

 

 


60 PAP
  • phonetic, new: pap, bab/p, kr
  • logograms:

    PAP ahu `brother' (in personal names)

 

 


61 MU
  • phonetic: mu
  • phonetic:, new: ia5
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: mu mu
  • logograms: MU

    MU umu `name' MU zakru `to speak' MU zikru `name' MU attu `year', `harvest time' MU.AN.NA attu `year', `harvest time'

 


62 QA
  • phonetic: qa
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: qa
  • logograms: SLA

    SLA q (a measure of capacity, about 1 liter)'

 

 


63 KD
  • phonetic, new: kd/t, gt, d
  • logograms:

 

 


63c KD
  • phonetic:
  • logograms:

 

 


68 RU
  • phonetic: ru
  • phonetic, new: ub/p
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: ru ru
  • logograms: UB

    UB maqtu `to throw' UB nad `to throw' UB nasku `to throw', `to discard', `to remove'

 

 


69 BAD
  • phonetic: be, bad/t/T
  • phonetic, new: pt/T, bt, pt, mid/t/T, til, zis, ziz, sun, Ass.: qt
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: bad bad
  • logograms: BAD, IDIM, SUN, SUMUN,

     
    BAD pet `to open'
    BAD nagbu `spring', `fountain', `underground water'
    IDIM kabtu `heavy'
    mtu `to die'
    mtu `dead'
    l L. alamtu `corpse'
    l L. pagru `corpse', `body'
    SUMUN labru `old
    SUN labru `old
    TIL labru `to get old'
    TIL qat `to be ended'

 

 


70 NA
  • phonetic: na
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: na
  • logograms: NA

    ` '

 

 


71 IR (ShIR)
  • phonetic, new: ir

 

 


72 NUMUN
  • phonetic:
  • logograms:

    NUMUN (also E.MUNUN) zu `seed'

 

 


73 TI
  • Sign is derived from a pictogram for an arrow, Sum. ti `arrow', but also `to live'
  • phonetic: ti, (te9, Te6)
  • phonetic, old: T, d
  • examples in New Assyrian orthography: ti
  • logograms: TI

     
    TI Slu `rib', `side'
    TI baltu (subst.) `life', `vigor', `good health'
    'duration of life', `lifetime'
    TI baltu (verb) `to get well', `to be in full health'
    'to live long', `to be/stay alive'
    TI baltu (adj.) `alive', `safe and sound', `healthy', `intact'
    TI leq `to accept'
    TI.LA baltu (subst.) `life', `vigor', `good health'
    'duration of life', `lifetime'
    l L.TI.LA baltu (subst.) `healthy' (also financially)
    (l marks an (abstract) noun)
    TI.LA baltu (verb) `to get well', `to be in full health'
    'to live long', `to be/stay alive'
    TI.LA baltu (adj.) `alive', `safe and sound', `healthy', `intact'
    TI(.LA) nu `to live', `to stay alive', `to recover''
    TI.GME Timat Tiamat, primeaval being, `sea'