Bloodaxe's Realm     The Medieval World  

Harappa-Mohenjodaro Cultures

The Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley, or Harrapan, civilization was discovered in 1920-21 when engraved seals were discovered near present-day Sahiwal in Pakistani Punjab at a place called Harappa. excavations at Mohenjodaro in Sind discovered the buried remains of a civilization with a pictographic script. This civilization extended to the Yamuna along the bed of the river Ghaggar in Rajhastan, Gujrat and upto the mouths of the rivers Narbada and Tapati. Most of the the major sites of this civilization are in Pakistan.

The dates of the Indus Valley Culture are approximately 2300-2000 BC and the dates of the earlier Kot Diji cultures, of the pre-Indus period, approximately 3300-2800 BC. There are nearly 4,000 specimens of a script from the Indus Valley Civilization carved on stone, fragments of pottery and other objects, however, they have not been deciphered satisfactorily.