Bloodaxe's Realm     The Medieval World  

Babylon (2000 - 323 BC), an ancient city of Mesopotamia located on the Euphrates River about 55mi (89km) south of present day Baghdad. Settled since prehistoric times. it was made the capital of Babylonia by Hammurabi (1792 1750 BC) in the 18th century BC. The city was completely destroyed in 689 BC by the Assyrians under Sennacherib. After restoration it flourished and became noted for its hanging gardens, one of the seven wonders of the world. In 275 BC the city was abandoned when the Seleucid dynasty built a new capital at Seleucia.