Achaea
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Achaea 2

Achaea

Region of ancient Greece, in the N Peloponnesus on the Gulf of Corinth, home of the Achaeans, the ruling class in the Peloponnesus from c.1250 B.C. Before the 5th cent. B.C. the Achaean cities joined in the First Achaean League, which was dissolved after it opposed (338 B.C.) Philip II of Macedon. The Second Achaean League, formed in 280 B.C., almost drove Macedon from Achaea but was stopped by Sparta. In 198 B.C., with Roman aid, the league won power. Later, suspecting pro-Macedonian sympathies, Rome deported many Achaeans (168 B.C.) to Italy. In 146 B.C. Achaea waged a suicidal war against Rome, which easily won, dissolved the league, and ended Greek liberty.